City of Bacoor
Congressional District: 2nd District (Lone District of Bacoor)
No. of Barangays: 73
Land Area: 4,687.76 has (46.87 sq.km)
Population (NSO, May 1, 2010): 520,216
Registered Voters (COMELEC, April 2016): 260,156
City of Bacoor
Bacoor was once merged with the bustling town called Palanag, or Paranaque as it is called today. Eventually in September 28, 1671, Bacoor was incorporated and was officially separated to become a town that wedge the bigger neighboring towns of Paranaque, Cavite el Viejo (now Kawit), and Silang. Its township was officially recognizes two years after the influx of the first settlers from Paranaque.
From its ancient name Bacoor, which is derived from the Tagalog word “bakod”, which means fence, Bacoor is suggestive of its role as a suburb of Paranaque. It constitutes the boundary between the mother town and Cavite el Viejo. In early Spanish times, Bacoor was thickly covered with bamboo groves that ran from Sitio Zapote to SitioTalaba, which many speculate is another reason behind Bacoor’s name; bakoor is actually a subspecie of bamboo.
Bacoor became the setting of numerous historic encounters in Philippine History. The town became the site of Aguinaldo’s first defeat in September 2, 1896 during the Revolution against Spain. Fortunately due to a miscalculation by Spanish general Aguirre whose troops rested one day in Bacoor Plaza while awaiting reinforcements from Manila. Aguinaldo was able to prepare the defense of Imus that night. A battle ensued at a bridge near the Recollect Estate House, which also became the former Philippine Constabulary Headquarters. Aguinaldo’s spectacular victory in this historic battle of Imus on September 3, 1896 started the Aguinaldo legend in his military career.
Two fierce battles that took place in Bacoor also provided popular historical mention of the town. The “Battle(s) of Zapote Bridge” in 1897 and 1899 became encounters of revolting Filipinos against the Spanish and Americans respectively. One battle took place on February 17, 1897 when the Filipino Revolutionary Army held back the advance of the Spanish invaders. It was in this battle that General Edilberto Evangelista, who was a European-educated Filipino engineer, fought and heroically died from an enemy sniper while repulsing the advance of Spanish forces. The height of the Filipino-American War in 1899 was the second encounter by Filipino revolutionary forces in the Zapote Bridge.
“Gargano” was the revolutionary name of Bacoor in line with the victory of the Magdalo Government based in Imus to abolish every vestige of the country’s colonial past. At that time, Gil Ignacio was the Katipunan Leader in Bacoor. Fierce battles ensued, and on March 26, one day after the fall of the Magdalo capital of Imus, Bacoor was recaptured by the Spaniards during a counter-offensive launched by Spanish General Jose Achambre.
The town is also noted in history as the first capital of the revolutionary government under General Emilio Aguinaldo. On July 4, 1898, General Aguinaldo relocated his headquarters from MaximoInnocencio’s Mansion in today’s Cavite City to the home of Juan Cuenca and Candida Chavez in Bacoor. This move was a result of the general’s suspicion of Imminentcolonialization of the Admiral Expeditionary Force of the Americans after their failure to commit to the recognition of Philippine Independence already proclaimed on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite.
Bacoor as Aguinaldo’s seat of government did not remain long. On September 9, the revolutionary capital was again transferred beyond cannon range of Admiral Dewey’s American Naval Squadron moored in Manila Bay. Three weeks after the perfidious capture of Manila by the American forces in connivance with Spanish Governor and Captain General Jaudines, General Aguinaldo’s new capital then became Malolos, Bulacan.
Like other towns in Cavite Province, Bacoor also produced great names, among whom are the late Governor Pedro Espiritu and the late Julian Cruz Balmaceda, noted Filipino writer and Director of the Institute of National Language. The original families and settlers had the following last names: Cuenca, Payao, Farolan, Pagtakhan, de Ocampo, Gregorio, Guevarra, and Garcia. Belonging to the principalia class as early as the first decades of the nineteenth century were the Cuencas, the Espiritus, the Cuevas, the Mirandas, the Pagtakhan, and the Narvaezes. Most of them were Chinese mestizos. Felix Cuenca, the first Municipal President of Bacoor, was a direct descendant of one of the original settlers.
Located at the northeasternmost corner of the Province of Cavite, Bacoor is approximately 17.5 kilometers southwest from Manila (from kilometer zero), and about 27 kilometers northeast from Trece Martires City, the provincial capital.Bacoor’s northern section is a coast fronting Bacoor Bay and separated by the Zapote River and the Imus River on its eastern and western boundary respectively. These rivers traditionally provide salt water for Bacoor’s salt farms that double as fishponds during the rainy season. Bounded west of Bacoor are the Municipalities of Imus and Kawit, on the south is the City of Dasmarinas, on the north is Bacoor Bay, and on the east are the Cities of Las Pinas and Muntinlupa. The Poblacion is located on the northern part of the municipality along Bacoor Bay.
Data Source: DILG CaLaBaRZon LGUs
Cavite was also hailed as one of the Regional Gawad Pamana ng Lahi 2011 Awardee – Provincial Category. Exemplary performance information is drawn from the database of the on-line LGPMS, Seal of Good Housekeeping, International Organization or National Government Agency-bestowed awards and acknowledged innovations.
The First AJA ISO 9001:2015 Certified Provincial Government in the Philippines. ISO 9001:2015 is a set of standards and requirements for the development of a quality management system commonly applied by private corporations and organizations to help ensure that the needs and expectations of customers are adequately and consistently met. These standards also enable organizations to develop mechanisms for continual improvement of products and services.
The good housekeeping seal is given to LGUs that excelled in the areas of planning, budgeting, revenue, mobilization, financial management, budget execution, procurement and resource mobilization. It also recognizes local governments that accord primacy to the principles of transparency and accountability. Recipients of the award also received one million pesos each from the DILG’s Performance Challenge Fund (PCF).